LECTURE 11: Egypt's Art for the Dead

(for individual student reference viewing only)

below: Narmer Palette, from Heirakonpolis, Upper Egypt, slate, 25" h, c. 3,150 B.C.
(Egyptian Museum, Cairo):

below: Mesopotamian Cylinder seal and impression, green jasper, 1.75" h, c. 3,300 B.C. (Louvre, Paris):

below: Gilgamesh Motif cylinder seal impression, Akkadian period, h: NA, c. 2,400 B.C.
(Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore):

below: Tomb wall painting, Hierakonpolis, Upper Egypt, h: NA, (Predynastic Period), c. 3,200 B.C.:

below: Portrait panel of Hesy-ra, Saqqara, wood, 45" h, (Dynasty III, Old Kingdom), c. 2,660 B.C.
(Egyptian Museum, Cairo):

below: Offering Procession, Tomb of Ounsou, Thebes, Egypt, wall painting, h: NA,
(Dynasty XVIII, New Kingdom), c. 1,500 B.C.:

below: Isis guiding Queen Nefertari, Tomb of Queen Nefertari, Thebes, Egypt, wall painting, h: NA,
(Dynasty XVIII, New Kingdom), c. 1,290-1,224 B.C.:

below: Facade of Temple of Horus, Edfu, Egypt, stone relief, h: NA, (Late Period), 1st century B.C.:

below: Trinity of King Menkaure (Mycerinus) with (left) Goddess Hathor, and (right) goddess of the nome of Diospolis Parva, green slate, 37.25" h, (Dynasty IV, Old Kingdom), c. 2,680-2,565 B.C.
(Egyptian Museum, Cairo):

below: Standing Figure from Saqqara, stone, h: NA, (Dynasty V, Old Kingdom), c. 2,498-2,345 B.C.
(Egyptian Museum, Cairo):

below left: King Tutankhamen, Tomb of King Tutankhamen, Valley of the Kings, Egypt, wood, black resin, gold, 69" h, (Dynasties XVIII, New Kingdom), c. 1,347-1,330 B.C., (Egyptian Museum, Cairo):

below right: drawing showing what human body actually does in such a position - the forward foot cannot touch the ground:

below: Enthroned Chephren (Khafre), from Giza, Egypt, diorite, 66" h, (Dynasty V, Old Kingdom),
c. 2,558-2,532 B.C. (Egyptian Museum, Cairo):

below: Colossal Enthroned Ramses II (The Great), facade of rock-cut Temple of Amun, Abu Simbel (in ancient Nubia), Egypt, rock, figure height: 67', (Dynasty XIX, New Kingdom), c.1,279-1,212 B.C.:

below left: drawing showing what the human body actually does in such a position - the elbows cannot rest on the thighs:

below right: model showing curvature of spine required for elbow to meet the thigh:

below: Servant Girl, wood, c. 5" h, (Dynasty XVIII, New Kingdom), c. 1,350 B.C.
(Durham University Oriental Museum):

below: Examples of Egyptian grids used for recreating the figure prototype:

below: Unfinished tomb wall painting showing grid, from Thebes, Egypt, wood on gesso ground, h: NA, (Dynasty XVIII-XXI, New Kingdom), c. 1,400-1,000 B.C., (British Museum, London):

below: Drawing showing cubic understanding of carved figure based upon the grid: